Early Dearnleys - pre 1500

    The surname occurs in the 14th century;  'thus Roger de Dearnley contributed to the subsidy of 1332';
Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),

At Michaelmas 1351 Richard son of William de Bury did not prosecute his suit against John del Dearnley and others respecting a tenement in Hundersfield;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. I, m. 5 d.

In 1360 Adam de Dearnley was a plaintiff, John de Dearnley being one of his pledges;
ibid R. 8, m. 4 d; see also Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 342.
  Henry de Dernylegh (c.1350-)
from the H. L. Bradfer-Lawrence Collection

Grant *MD335/3/1/5/147* 25 Apr 1382

*Contents*: 1. John Pelle of Crykelston     2. Sir Richard de Dronsfeld, chaplain, and Henry de Dernylegh
John grants to Sir Richard and Henry of all the messuages, with buildings, lands and tenements, rents and services, with appurtenances which he had in the vills of Cheyfft, Crykelston, Walton and Sandall by curtesy after the death of Alice daughter of Thomas Monck his wife; to hold for the grantor's life. Witnesses: John de Staynton, Thomas de Whetelay, Thomas de Cheyfft, William de Doddeworth, Thomas de Staynton. At Crykelston. Seal; red wax, round.
[Former ref: MD 335 Box 69 Clay vol VIII No 81: Series B No. 36: Dorse 71]

Quitclaim *MD335/3/1/5/148* 1 May 1382

1. Henry de Dernelee    2. Sir Richard Dronsfeld, chaplain
Henry quitclaims to Sir Richard all right in the premises detailed in md335/3/1/5/147 :- [all the messuages, with buildings, lands and tenements, rents and services, with appurtenances which he had in the vills of Cheyfft, Crykelston, Walton and Sandall by curtesy after the death of Alice daughter of Thomas Monck his wife.] At Berneslay. Seal; red wax, round with a flower.
[Former ref: MD 335 Box 69 Clay vol VIII No 81n: Series B No. 37: Dorse 69]

(Law) a formal renunciation of any claim against a person or of a right to land

 - thanks to Ian Goddard for this nugget - this confirms that Dernylegh & Dernelee are one & the same.

So this is why we don't own the Pennines....

In 1400 it was stated that Henry de Dearnley had been outlawed in 1372 at the suit of Henry de Haworth for trespass, and that his land in Hundersfield had passed into the hands of the Ashton family;
Pal. of Lanc. Misc. 1/9, m. 87-8; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 536.

After the death of Robert de Buckley his widow Alice married Henry de Dearnley, an outlaw, whereupon the escheator took the estate into the king's hands, or, at least, the widow's third part. Alice died in Sept. 1423, and John de Buckley, son of Robert, in Oct. 1429, leaving a son and heir James;
ibid. no. 496; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1483; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 536. The lands were held of Sir Thomas Savile in socage.

In feudal England, escheat referred to the situation where the tenant of a fief died without an heir or committed a felony. The fief reverted to the King's ownership for one year and one day, by right of primer seisin, after which it reverted to the original lord who had granted it. From the time of Henry III, the monarchy took particular interest in escheat as a source of revenue.

From the 12th century onward, the Crown appointed escheators to manage escheats and report to the Exchequer, with one escheator per county established by the middle of the 14th century. Upon learning the death of a tenant, the escheator would hold an "inquisition post mortem" to learn if the king had any rights to the land. These were often preceded by a "writ of diem clausit extremum" issued by the king to seize the lands and hold the I.P.M. If there was any doubt, the escheator would seize the land and refer the case to Westminster where it would be settled, ensuring that not one day's revenue would be lost. This would be a source of concern with land owners when there were delays from Westminster.

note: Hundersfield was an ancient ecclesiastical parish, created 1746 from the parish of Rochdale, in the Hundred of Salford, England. It straddled the historic county boundary between Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire. There are written references to the parish dating back to 1202.
Hundersfield lay on high moorland around Blackstone Edge, containing the settlements of Todmorden, Walsden, Littleborough, Wardle, Smallbridge and parts of Rochdale.
In 1444 Roger Whitehead and Margaret his wife, together with Ellen Dearnley, recovered a moiety of two messuages, 40 acres of land. &c., in Hundersfield and Spotland, which Roger Dearnley had given to John Dearnley and his issue, and which after the death of John's son Geoffrey should descend to Margaret and Ellen, daughters of Geoffrey;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 6, m. 12.

The same plaintiffs claimed the other moiety against Alexander son of Roger Butterworth; he replied that there was another daughter of Geoffrey, viz. Mary, still living at Newcastle on Tyne, but they said she had died at Chadderton in 1442; ibid. m. 12b  The estate was claimed as late as 1580 by a Roger Dearnley against Arthur Whitehead; (see below) see Fishwick, op. cit. 442 (quoting Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. lxxxi, D. 7)

Moiety - one of two (approximately) equal parts
Messuage -a dwelling house and its adjacent buildings and the adjacent land used by the household

All early Ds currently in database c.1245-c.1580

Trees & any Dearnley stuff welcome
please email Mark

please note:  with the web constantly changing, some source URL's may have moved.
'Good Hunting'